Early Screening for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Learn how polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is diagnosed by the Early Screening for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).

Early Screening for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Early Screening for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

There are various signs and symptoms women with PCOS can have. However, not every woman with PCOS will have every symptom, and each woman will be quite individual in her experience.

Criteria for a diagnosis of PCOS

A diagnosis of polycystic ovary disorder (PCOS) can be made when at any rate two out of three of the accompanying criteria are met:

  • The ovaries are 'polycystic' because:
    • 12 or more follicles are visible on one ovary, or
    • the size of one or both ovaries is increased
  • There are:
    • high levels of 'male' hormones (androgens) in the blood (hyperandrogenism)
    • symptoms suggesting an excess of androgens such as:
      • excess facial or body hair growth
      • scalp hair loss
      • acne
  • There is menstrual dysfunction such as:
    • lack of periods or menses (menstrual flow)
    • menstrual irregularity
    • lack of ovulation (where an egg is released)

How PCOS influences your body

Having higher-than-ordinary androgen levels can influence your fruitfulness and different parts of your wellbeing.


To get pregnant, you need to ovulate. Ladies who don't ovulate normally don't discharge the same number of eggs to be prepared. PCOS is one of the main sources of infertility in women.

Metabolic syndrome

Up to 80 percent of ladies with PCOS are overweight or obese. Both weight and PCOS increment your hazard for high glucose, hypertension, low HDL ("great") cholesterol, and high LDL ("terrible") cholesterol.

Together, these components are called metabolic disorder, and they increment the hazard for coronary illness, diabetes, and stroke.

Sleep apnea

This medical condition causes rehashed delays in breathing during the night, which interrupts sleep.

Sleep apnea is progressively normal in ladies who are overweight — particularly in the event that they additionally have PCOS. The hazard for rest apnea is 5 to multiple times higher in corpulent ladies with PCOS than in those without PCOS.

Endometrial cancer

During ovulation, the uterine covering sheds. On the off chance that you don't ovulate each month, the arranging can fabricate.

A thickened uterine coating can expand your hazard for endometrial malignant growth.


Both hormonal changes and indications like undesirable hair development can contrarily influence your feelings. Numerous with PCOS wind up encountering discouragement and tension.

How PCOS is diagnosed

Doctors typically diagnose PCOS in women who have at least two of these three symptoms:

  • high androgen levels
  • irregular menstrual cycles
  • cysts in the ovaries

Your primary care physician ought to likewise ask whether you've had side effects like skin break out, face and body hair development, and weight gain.

A pelvic test can search for any issues with your ovaries or different pieces of your regenerative tract. During this test, your primary care physician embeds gloved fingers into your vagina and checks for any developments in your ovaries or uterus.

Blood tests check for higher-than-ordinary degrees of male hormones. You may likewise have blood tests to check your cholesterol, insulin, and triglyceride levels to assess your hazard for related conditions like coronary illness and diabetes.

An ultrasound uses sound waves to search for unusual follicles and different issues with your ovaries and uterus.